Starry sky in the tension ceiling. Podshivnoy ceiling. Types of false ceiling. Article number 21

 In the pool, or you can build a bathroom ceiling - "starry sky". This tension structures of PVC film, additionally equipped with a system of tiny lights-Stars. There are several technologies for creating such a "starry sky":

By using fiber optic technology. This fiber may be positioned relative to the ceiling in three ways. First, the output below the ceiling at a distance of 10 - 50 cm, pre-pierced film. The light fiber itself, and its reflection in the ceiling surface creates an additional effect. Second, the ends of fiber optic strands may be displayed on one level with the cloth, the surface thus also punctured. Third Embodiment - summing fiber from the back side close to the surface and then the film is not pierced. In daylight, it's just a neat smooth ceiling. Using as a luminous lens elements Austrian company SWAROVSKI.

In the afternoon, in natural light, this beautifully polished lenses, in the evening they give iridescent play of light. Lighting lens located inside cartridges provide bundles of fiber-optic strands. It is also possible combination of lens with optical fiber. With the use of LEDs, which are displayed on the surface of the ceiling and look like a very small (2 mm diametrom1) bulb. They are installed in special connectors and require a power source. A programming panel allows you to program up to 10 modes flicker diodes. Selecting tracks from the stars is yours.

Podshivnoy called a structure in which bearing elements (metal bars, profiles) are attached directly to the basic ceiling, not suspended, in suspension systems. Therefore, the distance between the base and the false ceiling is determined only by the thickness of bearing frame members. The most common metal lath (their design is similar to the outboard rack and pinion), and boarded plasterboard ceilings (a construct assembled from sheets of drywall and metal or wooden frame). For wet areas to use water-resistant sheets of drywall (gypsum plasterboard marking). Its leaves are green in color, in contrast to the usual gray. In the Russian market this material is offered by firms GYPROC (UK) and "Knauf Gips" (Russia). Standard sheet sizes-2500 x 1200, 3000 x 1200 mm with a thickness of 12.5 mm, the cost - from 70 rubles / sqm, rarer sheets with a thickness 9.5 mm and b. You can also sew plaster-fiber material designed for wet areas (GVLV).

Wet drywall is easy to bend and after drying it takes a predetermined shape. This property is used to create complex geometric areas (arches, domes, multi-level ceilings). The ceilings of plasterboard today are quite popular - they are inexpensive, allow you to create custom configurations and equipped with built-in lighting design. In large rooms, ceiling plane is assembled from several sheets, seams are glued sealing tape and processed filler. After that, the ceiling must be primed and cover with any paint, both the composition must be designed for use in wet areas.

Installation stretch ceiling: PVC film heated up using a heat gun to 70C, expand and pull, and then latched into a baguette. First, always pull on the corners of the canvas.

You can use the resulting space is required for installation of utilities and installation of fixtures. The standard color of the harness - white, other options - color, chrome, gold plated. Width of Track-15 and 24 mm. To the base ceiling hangers attached with dowels and screws. Rack and pinion designs are assembled from long narrow strips, which can vary in height, width, shape and edges of the panel itself, the texture (matte or gloss), and color. Nearby modules can be mounted in-the-butt-joint, shared or insert placed at some distance from each other - in the latter case, a maximum open ventilated design. Reiki is a curved shape (work carried out at the factory, the order, the size of the customer) allow you to create not only flat, but curved ceilings. In one design modules can be combined flat and curved panels of different colors, light-insert and insert vent blocks. Standard length rods-6 m, the width from 30 to 300 mm, thickness 0.3 to 0.6 mm. Made of aluminum or galvanized steel for wet areas is recommended to choose aluminum. They are present in the range of all manufacturers suspended ceilings: ARMSTRONG (USA), GEIPEL (Germany), CATENA, PROMETAL (Italy), HUNTER DOUGLAS (trademark Luxalon, Germany), INLOOK (Finland), "LYUMSVET", "Albes" (Russian ).

The cost of the rack structure of Russian production is $ 10-20 per 1 sq. m, foreign production - $ 20-40 per 1 sq. m, the cost of installation work - from $ 8 per 1 sq. m in the case of leaks top rail must be removed and dried, and then return to the place, open design is dry on their own. Such suspension structures are much loved by the customer for its practicality and most often installed in bathrooms. Tile modular design. In the Russian market suspension systems of the two standards. In European cell system have dimensions 600 x 600 mm, and modules - 595 x 595 mm. In accordance with the U.S. standard mesh size should be equal to 610 x 610 mm, modules 605-x 605 mm. System of universal and allow to hang plates from different manufacturers one of the standard.

The modular elements can be made of various materials: metal (steel or aluminum), wood, chipboard, MDF, mineral fibers (including glass), plastic, drywall. Have no restrictions on the use in wet areas steel and aluminum - they are made by "Albes», CONTER (Italy), AMF (Germany), plastic (SIBU DESIGN, Austria), Plexiglas - ALTUGLAS (Netherlands), BARLO PLASRICS (Slovakia) , PLEXIGLAS (Germany), "PLEXIGLAS" (Russia), for ceiling cut-ins from sheets of large size. The others must necessarily have moisture resistance of at least 95% (and for swimming pool - 100%) and, ideally, by the manufacturer recommended for rooms with high humidity (such slabs of mineral wool and Newtone Ceramaguard, producer - ARMSTRONG, they are able to withstand even the constant contact with the water, wood fiber Fibracoustic and mineral wool Thermatex, producer - AMF). As an example, even fiberglass plate Pop (ECOPHON, Sweden), the front side is covered with PVC film and panel in mineral fiber Ceramic Radar (USG, USA). Board thickness depends on the material from which they are made: 0.5 mm (metal) to 20 - 30 mm (mineral fiber). The surface may be smooth or rough, matte, glossy or mirror, have a different color and texture. The individual modules or parts can be replaced lamps. The cost of plates - from $ 11 per 1 sq. m