Papered ceiling or glue. Removal of old coatings. Article number 23

 Papered ceiling.

"Adhesive", "glued", "pasted" into the lexicon-builders and dealers in building materials you may come across one of these names belonging to one and the same process, finishing ceilings. It is this: the smooth surface of the base ceiling-base glued various decorative finishes - tiles made of expanded polystyrene, glass or ceilings for such exotic materials such as cork or laminar panels and ceramic tiles.

The most popular of the above plate of expanded polystyrene (or, as it is called, Styrofoam). For use in wet areas only suitable extruded panels. Extrusion method that is used in their production allows to achieve maximum density (70 kg/m3) and the homogeneity of the material and hence waterproofness. In the manufacture of panels in other ways - by stamping and injection, plate structure does not work so smooth, and the coating can absorb moisture.

Extruded plates are easily distinguished by their appearance: their front surface is smooth, has a homogeneous structure in the context of panel similar to the tile of porous chocolate. In contrast, stamped, and injection materials have a pronounced grain structure, even palpable to the touch. The panels also vary in thickness: extruded - 2.5 - 3 mm, pressed - 6 - 7 mm, Injection - 10 mm. The standard size of tiles is the same for all manufacturers, x 500 x 500 mm. As additional items are available rectangular panel width of 1 mm and a length of 6.5 of 1 000 mm and a length of decorative moldings 1000 - 1500 mm. The most popular color is white, diversity is achieved by the selection of a texture (in the catalogs of companies they represented up to a few dozen). Although, if desired, and can be selected color model, including imitating wood, fabric or stone.

The ceiling tiles in the kitchen plastered with Styrofoam from SCHAFER DECKENPLATTEN (Germany). Suspended modular structures are typically installed in offices. Home Edition can be slabs of colored plexiglass, chosen to match the walls or plumbing.

Removal of old coatings. Leadership.

There are three basic ways to remove old coatings: mechanical (scraping brushes, sanding with coarse abrasive sandpaper, remove using grinders and special nozzles on the drill, sand blasting), thermal (using the building dryer, Hot Air, oil-based paint is removed as "antiquated "way, warming the surface of the iron through the usual aluminum foil) and a chemical for which both the Russian and foreign industry producing a huge variety of washes. Here are just a few examples: Tapeten und Leimfarbenabloser (PUFAS, Germany), Dufa Abbeizer (MESFFERT, Germany), the destroyer-52 ("PEAK", Russia). For each type of paint in a wash adds a solvent. In theory any color can be removed by one of these methods.
Kitchen - one of the most important rooms in the house, where we spend a lot of time in the kitchen so everything has to be convenient and efficient.
Before you go buy vending kitchen furniture, you need to measure your kitchen, draw its plan and figure out what and where to put it. Whatever the shape and size of your kitchen, with its design it is necessary to consider them and make the most of.

The style of your kitchen can be anything - from classic to modern. However, the expressive look of the kitchen and its avant-garde design, the more likely it quickly go out of fashion. The color scheme of the kitchen should help to relax or, conversely, have a stimulating effect. In the kitchen, which is constantly overheats, good cold colors - shades of blue, gray and green. In the dark kitchen is better to use pastel colors - lemon, pink, pistachio, apricot, peach.
Try to avoid saturated colors, contrasting colors and complex patterns on the table surface and small areas of walls.

The service life of kitchen equipment is determined by the years. German factories are oriented at 15-20 years, Finnish - 10-15, Czech guarantee about 10 years of operation. Russian producers, even when using imported components, talk only about 8-10 years. Italians are offered to change the situation every 5-6 years, but not because of the quality of furniture, and in order to cope with stress and monotony. The operation of kitchen furniture also depends on what kind of materials used in its manufacture.
As the body of the material used for the manufacture of kitchen (in descending order of price) tree, multiplex, MDF and chipboard.

For furniture used by more than 40 species of wood. Her carefully dried and treated with a special compound for protection against environmental influences. Has worked well and the natural material multiplex - glued in different directions thin layers of wood of different species. This material is less susceptible to water than solid wood, and is not deformed.

Most often used for the manufacture of kitchens modern particleboard, MDF and other plates. If resources permit, it is better to choose MDF as a more durable and environmentally friendly material. When buying food from DSP demand a health certificate from the seller, which must be specified level of formaldehyde emissions.
Recently, more and more widespread in the manufacture of kitchen equipment becomes metal. On the front panel, including cabinet doors, more common softer than steel, anodized aluminum (increases abrasion resistance). A satin steel kitchen gives a spectacular view, but it requires careful maintenance.
From modern high glass doors make cabinets and shelves, furniture glass because not only can withstand a lot of weight, but blows.

The materials used for worktops - Worktop - applied, except for the above materials, natural, synthetic and artificial stones. Granite is durable and wear-resistant, a little sensitive to acids, travertine marble and heat-resistant, but are porous, so they often form patches of grease and wine. But the marble countertop, you can choose from a variety of colors. Synthetic stones - crystallite aksilan, varikor, corian and other - neither in no way inferior to natural analogues, and often surpass their practicality. The basis of artificial stone - sand, quartz, acrylic, glass fibers, bauksit and strong binding. Artificial stone lighter natural, easy to handle, hygienic, durable and Heat-resistant (can withstand heat up to 230 degrees).

As coating materials for kitchens often used veneers - natural and synthetic polymers and - laminate and melamine. By coating the surface of natural wood veneer sliced ​​thinly and then glued to the standard basis. With the help of synthetic veneers can simulate not only the tree, but many other materials, and a special protective film replaces the lacquer and other finishing processes.

Laminate and melamine are used as artificial surfaces for particleboard and fiberboard. Melamine coated surface is not designed for high mechanical loads, while the laminate is thicker, stronger and more durable, so of laminated boards make even countertops.