Stretch ceilings - home pinnacle of design. Article number 31

More recently, the only way to finish the walls were plastered and painted. And if uneven ceiling in the apartment up to 50 mm? Create visually smooth, non-flat ceiling can not every plasterer as necessary solution as it is expensive, difficult, dirty and long ... When the repair is complete and fresh paint happy home with their perfection, powerful leakage from neighbors above paints the ceiling dirty divorce, and the shrinkage of the building causes cracks ... Let's start a new one? Or the new ...!
Forget about the existence of such problems and achieve quite exceptional aesthetic effect allow the use of suspended ceilings - one of the most exciting finishing materials that have appeared in the last decade in the Russian market. Their ideal geometry is amazing and the colors and textures to suit any decor, from classic to modern trends.
History of suspended ceilings
First thought to drape fabric ceiling came to the ancient Romans. Matter tried to pick up the color of the walls of the room, and when eventually it was covered with dust, fade and sag, and it changed the ceiling look like new again. Another analog - fabric ceilings in Armenia, where the seventeenth century began to use the soaked chalk sheeting stretched over a frame. On drying, the fabric to shrink and gets perfectly smooth surface. Since chalk - not too reliable coverage, now Armenian craftsmen use water-emulsion paint.
However, a completely new stage of finishing ceilings began with the advent of modern polymer films of PVC. This plastic is now deservedly received wide application. Durable, flexible, meets all environmental and fire requirements, it is used in the construction industry for the manufacture of the trim, doors and windows, utilities. Depending on the desired characteristics of the product properties change plastic additives and modifiers filler.
One day, in the 60s of the last century in the French Barrisol company specializing in the production of aluminum, designed the shop window. One of the workers realized a strong pull between the profiles of PVC film. The idea seemed interesting and promising especially for ceilings. Developments have allowed designers to obtain a film of various colors and textures, reliable and aesthetic methods of welding and fastening. By the end of the eighties in Europe, this type of finish ceiling has received well-deserved popularity. In the future, technology has continued to evolve, there were new film and texture, structural systems, accessories and options. After 2000, the plants that produce ceilings originated in Russia.
The stretch ceiling - the finished product is made from a single strip of PVC fabric, vykroennoe exact dimensions of the room with all its features. Plans for the pattern to do a professional engineer, as in this case, as in all matters related to the tension ceilings, a lot of subtleties that must be taken into account. The area of ​​the cloth ceiling is limited by sagging of the film. So when the size of the room 5x6 m center of the film can be 4 inches lower than the edges. Therefore, in the larger rooms, use additional support, collecting ceiling of several paintings. Mounting holes for the passage of chandeliers, piping, ventilation grilles in the area, fire alarm sensors in the film are cut and glued reinforced fastener. The panel is attached to the profile of a hard plastic material fixed on the walls of the room near the ceiling. The ceilings of different brands differ in the construction of attachment:
"Harpoon" ceilings (Nine Hundred brands, Lackfolie, EXTENZO, SAROS DESIGN, NOVELUM, CARRE NOIR and others) suggest welded along the contour of the cloth edging rigid PVC having a cross-sectional shape of the hook-harpoon.
Ceilings "V" attachment MONDEA (Netherlands) suggest jamming the web using the spacer profile (like the fabric in the embroidery hoop).
Ceilings "cam" mount - PRESTIGE DESIGN and SKOL suggest clamp the fabric between the two "jaws", belonging to the mounting profile. This method allows fabric to pull just 8 mm from the basic ceiling.
Ceilings dockable flexible cord CLIPSO (France) - ceilings of polyester fabric.
With tension ceilings are used as traditional chandeliers, and a variety of recessed and decorative lighting, the main thing that they do not overheat the fabric roof, so the power of the lamps is limited. Powerful lamps require their installation patterns.
Purpose and characteristics of suspended ceilings.
Stretch ceiling is appropriate in almost any heated room - in an apartment and a cottage, office, hotel and restaurant, sports center and school, museum and concert hall. Environmental security makes suspended ceiling ideal for bathroom, kitchen and swimming pool. There are variations of the special anti-bacterial ceiling for operating and hospital wards.
The popularity of suspended ceilings in the West is so great that no more or less prestigious private or office interior is unthinkable without them. By the way, we have more recently - too. According to experts, this year's leading Moscow firms set up one square kilometer (!) Suspended ceilings in the month. So what are the reasons of popularity?
Interior features. Stretch ceiling forms a perfectly flat surface, get that traditional methods can only by large financial and labor costs. Range of textures, colors and shades ceiling is huge and offers almost unlimited opportunities, properly chosen lighting or accent lighting allows you to create unusual effects; allowed sloping ceilings and multi-level design, the use of curved surfaces. If you get tired of coloring of the film, it is easy to change a setting in the old frame.
Removal and replacement of fabric are easy to perform and technologically.
Speed ​​of installation. Stretch ceiling mounted - 3 times faster than the ceiling, and 10 times - than traditional plastering and whitewashing. Works team of two or three persons, not leaving behind any debris and, in most cases, even moving furniture.
Stretch ceiling hides all communication elements and systems, lighting fixtures, cracks, blemishes, bumps, bruises and other defects. Possible sediment building leaves no traces on the ceiling - homogeneous, perfectly flat surface, keeps finished, aesthetically flawless look. Necessary holes, for example in the area of ​​chandeliers, reinforced glued to the film ring. Mounting profile is undistinguished - a beautiful, clear edge over the contour of the ceiling.
Minimum loss of room height. The distance from the ceiling to the main stretch - 2 cm, with ceilings of any type of the order of 10-15 cm
Durability. The ceilings have a long life (warranty up to 10 years), do not change color. No problems with crumbling whitewash and stains from leaks, the cost of a regular or cosmetic overhaul.
Reliable protection against leakage. Stretch ceiling is able to keep itself on the large volume of water to one hundred liters per square meter, while the film is stretched just a bubble. It can be raised, surpassing the nearest water hole for the light. If holes or no special valves, the company specialists are bent angle of coverage, producing water, and then return the ceiling in place. So he immediately returns to its original shape.
Water resistance, the ceiling is not subject to decomposition, it is no condensation.
Absolute sustainability, does not absorb odors. does not accumulate static electricity, can be used in educational and medical institutions without restrictions. Indispensable requiring increased sterility, it is easy to wash and disinfect.
Does not support combustion. Fire safety class M1.
Provides heat and sound through the room air space above the film or the deployment of insulating materials. Improves indoor climate.
Requires only minimal maintenance. The dust is removed with a damp soft cloth. Easy to clean with soap and water, the fat is removed with ammonia or liquid window cleaner. When the ceiling ceases to shine, it should be wiped with a dry cloth.
To be fair, and the shortcomings inherent tension ceilings: fear of sharp objects (so they do not mount on the walls), the relative high cost (cheapest ceilings is currently worth about $ 35 per sq. m., Delivery and installation, insufficient frost resistance. However, the new fabric ceilings ClipsO deprived and those deficiencies.
Virtually all marks ceiling made using the film of the soft polyvinyl chloride (PVC), 0.17-0.22 mm thick. Its share of the order of 180-320 g/m2 sound absorption coefficient - 0.4, coefficient of light absorption - 30% ("lac") to 95% ("velvety" texture), the tensile strength of the length - 17 N/mm2 , width - 13 N/mm2, can extend under a load of 2.2 times. The film maintains the air temperature from -30 ° C to 70 ° C, the cold becomes brittle and hard, but restores the properties with increasing temperature. The film is waterproof, trudnosgoraema not afraid to shock, does not crack and is easy to clean. In the manufacture of plastic good at painting over the entire thickness (range of colors and shades than 100 gradations). The film comes rolls of width 1.3-2.2 m, canvases easily joined by welding to form a firm, but unobtrusive seam.
French ceilings ClipsO radically different from the others - are made of thin fabric polyester fabric (with a thickness of 0.25 mm, weight 200 g / sq.m.) Impregnated with thermosetting polyurethane. This fabric is 15-20 times stronger than PVC film - stretched on the ceiling can be a person. It is difficult to cut or otherwise damage. The fabric retains its elasticity at temperatures down to minus 30 degrees Celsius. Standard roll width of 4 m and by special order - up to 5 m (the top of this width is made without seams). Since the polyurethane can be welded, optionally in the wider web material pieces are joined by means of a special profile or crosslinked. The fabric has a pure white color, slightly rough texture to the touch like synthetic fabrics used for the manufacture of awnings. After installation of the ceiling looks like a traditional white ceiling in perfect quality. The fabric may be tinted or coated painted using conventional acrylic paints. Other advantages are the simplified ClipsO ceiling installation, seamlessness in rooms up to 5 m wide, fire, frost - the fabric does not become brittle, does not crack, does not change color. The relative weakness is the lack of choice of fabric texture unpainted - only the white, rough.
Feature film stretch ceiling - endless possibilities for design, an incredible variety of colors, textures and patterns:
Matt, smooth or embossed with a shallow, like a perfect paint surface and corresponds to the simple, traditional style.
Satin, with a roughness of whitewash, the epitome of elegance.
Lacquer - gives the ceiling depth and volume, where as a mirror reflects the room.
Metallic and high-tech - for those who like technological solutions.
Moire - shimmering waves of bizarre.
Ceilings under the skin, velvet and wood - to recreate the texture and shades of natural material.
Venetian plaster and patina - an animated story.
Film Suede soothes the human psyche and absorbs noise. Soft and fluffy ...
And ...: Film translucent, perforated, marbled with gold lettering ... No designer can not do!
The technology of suspended ceilings.
It's simple in theory, but it requires specialized knowledge and equipment. Order suspended ceiling only after completion of all work related to the finishing of walls, installation of ventilation, air conditioning, sound and lighting. The rooms should be heated and provide temperature control +60-70 degrees during mounting ceiling. The walls at fixing ceilings should be strong and straight.
The work begins with the measurements. Qualified zamerschik captures the exact size of the room determines which communication and lighting equipment will be placed in the ceiling helps the customer to choose the color and texture of the fabric. Measured the level of cord and discourages future ceiling. Accurately measured the angles of the room.
Look before you leap, you can start cutting. Broad leaf blades welded from 1.4-1.6 m along the perimeter of the web is welded to a flexible plate - "spear." The canvas is thoroughly cleaned by special means, formed using pads and carefully packed for shipment to the assembly. At a basic ceiling mounted fixture fixtures.
On the contour of the room mounted prints. In accordance with the length of the walls of his strips are cut to length or piece down and glued with high-strength adhesive. They are fixed to the walls with dowels and screws, or using a pneumatic gun and special fasteners. As a result, fixing must withstand a force of peel about 60 kg / rm. - The weight of the person.
Then comes the most exciting period - the opening and installation of fabric. The room warmed slightly in advance heat gun to 40 degrees. In the center of the room package fits with the film. Handling the web requires special care. His unfolded corners are attached clamps to the baguette. One by one, according to the drawing. Finally canvas and deployed roughly fixed. You can start warming up. It requires a lot of experience - not hot enough to pull the canvas hard, overheated will jump out of the engagement, and varnish may even lose its shine.
Attach starting from the corner. Remove the clamp, engage a harpoon for a baguette, gradually moving to the right or to the left until it is engaged at least for the two locks on each side. The subsequent procedure is fixed and the other opposite corners. Naturally, every other angle engages more difficult. Now you can start straight sections, beginning with the end of the seams of seats and paintings in the future - all the way around. If everything is correct, the result is quite tightly stretched canvas prints by forming a perfectly flat surface. Bezgarpunnye similar systems are mounted, set or remove their cloth a little more difficult, but it is possible to adjust the tension and do not require pre-weld harpoon, the exact size of the canvas. Cut off any excess on the spot. This is essential if the preliminary accurate measurements for some reason difficult. In places the necessary holes are bonded reinforcement rings of plastic thickness of 3-4 mm. The web is cut in a sharp knife, a wire is pulled into the hole, connected to a chandelier, then simple chandelier hook is hung on an old, which, if necessary, can be increased in length.
Installation is completed. Phew. Read and then hard. The average speed of installation performed by one person - 10-15 m2 per working day. Let these experts are engaged. One mistake and you'll be spoiled - book on the new. Even more difficult to create three-dimensional structures that resemble the film tension to farm openwork bridge. But this is not the limit. The options are curved baguettes on which the film takes on strange shapes. Or complex system of decorative fixtures, recreating the appearance of the sky, comets, the sunset, the effects of blinking, alternating colors, "optical patterns" and so on ... as far as the human imagination.
Any installation company provides a guarantee for the suspended ceiling fixed by it for a period of 10 years, provided that the room temperature is in the range of 0-50 degrees. C. Warranty involve maintaining color consistency, no sagging, cracks in the seams and folds of the cloth, as well as a possible increase in the gap between the profile and wall mounting. All this provided the owners did not do additional holes in the canvas. In the event of a leak specialists will return the ceiling original form. If you accidentally punctured or cut through the ceiling, then you will put an invisible patch on the film.
Expert opinion:
Manager Company "Saros Design" Love Vilchik:
"Our company specializes in suspended ceilings already for 12 years. From the very beginning, since 1991, we have been able to maintain its leading position in the regional market. Long enough to almost 2000, we delivered ceilings, made in France. Nor availability own transport service allows us to provide the lowest delivery time and the widest range of textures among the St. Petersburg firm. company gradually built up by the clientele and created a network of dealers in other regions. From the very beginning, we have chosen to spread ceilings trademark "SAROS DESIGN". They appeared somewhat later than other
Stretch ceilings.