Acoustic Ceilings. Article number 35

Modern man lives in a world of sounds. But you can learn how to control the sound level in the room. It's real. It turns out, you just decorate the walls, floors, ceilings, sound-absorbing materials (which do not reflect, and absorb sound), and background noise will be less. You've probably noticed yourself: is it worth to lay on the floor carpet and rug hung on the wall as the room becomes quieter and more comfortable. But what about, for example, with the ceiling?
As it turned out, this problem can be solved. Many self-respecting manufacturers of tile suspended ceiling panels (ARMSTRONG, ECOPHON, AKUSTO, OWA, ROCKFON and LUXALON) has long been producing so-called acoustic ceilings that absorb sound. Ceiling plate production companies ARMSTRONG, ROCKFON and OWA are made from mineral fibers, and ECOPHON AKUSTO of porous glass - one of the best sound-absorbing materials. Ceilings LUXALON - it's perforated aluminum ceiling. All these ceilings reduce the "echo effect" and reduce the overall noise level in the room.
Moreover, in addition to its direct responsibilities - sound absorption - they have other great qualities. For example, meeting the highest standards of fire safety and are a group of nonflammable materials: glass and mineral fibers, which are included in the material panels are off. Like all glass wool and mineral fiber ceiling tiles acoustic ceilings - good insulation. So, mount the ceiling, for example, in the office, you will see that the room was not only quieter, but much warmer.
But in fact, it is impossible to think that it is enough to mount the acoustic ceiling, install acoustic panels - and the room is completely isolated. Not so simple. Selection of materials and their installation should engage expert acoustician. Sometimes it is enough to properly install a few acoustic elements - and the problem is solved. To do this, of course, the person must be guided in the market, track trends, etc. I must say that the ideal option does not exist. But the ideal combination of several kinds of acoustic ceiling (sort of soundproofing "pie"), you can pick up. The fact that different ceilings operate differently at different frequencies. For low frequencies are perfect alone ceilings, for high - others. Installation of suspended tile ceilings will not take long. Professional installers will spend it quickly, without much noise and dust. The scheme is simple - to overhaul the system of ceiling mounted hangers and racks and racks are placed on the board. In the resulting space can be, for example, to pave the communication.
How to care for acoustic suspended ceilings? Sooner or later the board will inevitably become soiled, especially if the ceiling is in the kitchen or store room, etc. There are two ways to clean the ceiling panels - dry and wet. If the dry cleaning process, it is better to use a vacuum cleaner. And some models of ceiling tiles can be cleaned with a damp sponge (wet method).
As for the scope of the acoustic ceilings, it's probably easier to tell where they do not apply - they are so versatile. Acoustic ceilings - an indispensable thing for classrooms, lecture halls and conference rooms. They are ideal for hospital premises (procedural and examination rooms, operating), good in swimming pools, game rooms, gyms. Sound-absorbing ceilings - great for kitchens, cafeterias, supermarkets, offices and other public places ...
This, of course, not everything that can be told about acoustic ceilings. Therefore, we will return to this topic in upcoming issues of the magazine and talk in more detail about how you can use them to create silence in the room. So - save our nerves and health.
Specifications ceiling «Weissberg»
Fire protection
Ceiling tiles «Weissberg» Fire Service Fire Laboratory tested in Moscow in accordance with GOST 30244-94 "Building materials. Test method for flammability." According to tests our product is related to a group of NG (non-combustible materials), which allows us to use it in libraries, children's schools, in the workplace.
State Sanitary and Epidemiological Service of the Russian Federation to certify that the panel ceiling «Weissberg», correspond to the state sanitary-epidemiological rules and regulations of NRB-99, GOST 30108-94, GN, GN Respectively - the range of use of housing and civil construction, shops and trading bases, facilities for children and medical institutions.
The tiles «Weissberg» not change their geometry under the influence of seasonal changes in humidity. Moreover, changes in humidity make our panel stronger and more resistant to dynamic and static loads. This fact is very important for spills roofs and joints in all kinds of trade pavilions and the upper floors of buildings. In such cases the mineral fiber panel geometry and lose their color, causing them to be replaced. Suspended ceilings «Weissberg», filtering the water and vysohnuv not change their look and color. Ceilings «Weissberg» are water-resistant and water-resistant.
Finally, one of the most important advantages in choosing ceiling panels that price. With virtually no drawbacks, only advantages: fire safety, environmental cleanliness, moisture resistance, water resistance, high acoustic and reflective characteristics, diverse and eye-catching design, the 50-year warranty from the manufacturer, the cost of our products does not exceed the price of the mineral fiber panels with similar characteristics.
Market research ceiling systems
The modern development of technology allows the use of different variations of finishing the ceiling. Depending on the complexity of the painting and decorating ceilings can be divided into two main groups:
1. "Simple" - ceilings, trim which does not require any special knowledge and runs on its own. This group includes:
painting the ceiling,
pasting wallpaper,
trim plates for polymer-based;
2. "Complicated" - ceilings, which are prefabricated structures for the installation which requires special skills, usually produces all of the vendor:
suspension systems.
Simple 'ceilings
Stained ceiling - the most long-standing of the windows used in Soviet times. If you have previously been used mainly whitewash (and, more often than she was prepared independently on the basis of slaked lime or chalk), but now it has given way to water-based paints. Paint consumption of 1 liter per 4.8 square meters. m (for a single layer coating), its approximate value - 35-214 rub. / liter (in terms of properties such as abrasion resistance, possible applications on different surfaces, etc.).
An alternative option is stained wall papering or ceiling tiles. In the market are well represented different versions of the tile, wallpaper and polymer-based. However, if the former are more suitable for residential use, while the latter are mainly used for pasting the bathrooms and toilets. Typically, wallpaper supplied in rolls of a width of 53 cm and a length of 10 m, the cost ranges from 50 to 670 rub. / Roll, depending on the type of wallpaper (paper, vinyl, non-woven), producer (Russia, foreign) and the popularity of the collection .
Ceiling tiles are usually sold in packs of 20-34 pc. (7.20 sq. m.). Thus the cost of 1 sq. km. m is 12-70 (moisture-proof, non-ferrous) rub. / sq. m In some shops it is possible to buy the piece plate. There are not only simple types of ceiling boards. For example, the market offers options for 720-1490 rubles. / Sq. - Ceiling tiles Sibu Design (Austria) ( with a mirror finish.
There are several types of ceiling coverings of this type - silver, gold, black mirror. This type of plastic plates can replace a heavy mirrored ceilings on the harness. However, all kinds of "simple" from the ceiling suggest. dverzheny chemical and physical destruction (chemical resistant. preliminary work on the preparation of the base surface - removal of old flooring, embedding interplate cracks and seams, alignment, luting and primer. These operations should be carried out at the beginning of the repair project before finishing works of walls and floors.
Sample prices ceiling works (1 sq. m.)
Prepare the ceiling to the glueing / painting - 250-300 rubles.
Painting the ceiling - 40-80 rubles.
Wallpapering the ceiling - 100-120 rubles.
Thus, the cost of finishing the 1st quarter. m ceiling is 300-450 rubles.
The disadvantage of the discussed methods ceiling finishing is that in most cases they can hide engineering and technical communications, moreover, can not always correct surface defects.
But, despite this, the "simple" finishes remain popular. This is primarily due to their efficiency, as related to the cost of materials and the work that can be performed by (in most cases it is). A wide range of finishing materials allows the consumer to pick up the necessary materials to him. Since the early 90's., When rapidly began to be introduced innovative technologies in the construction and finishing materials to replace the traditional finish came suspended ceilings.
Sophisticated 'ceilings
Ceilings, unlike hanging, attached around the perimeter prints (specific frame) is then made their uniform tensioning. Suspended ceilings are skeletal system, made of metal - aluminum or steel, which is attached to the ceiling (wall or ceiling directly). Then, on her roof-mounted units - basic modules, ventilation, lighting and other equipment.
Each of the presented types of ceiling has its advantages and disadvantages, usually relating to price, quality, features and application life cycle. Let us describe the tension and suspended ceilings
Glutinous ceilings
One of the most essential components that define the appearance of any room - the ceiling. Quality finish ceiling gives the room an extra comfort and elegance. Of the many types of ceiling covers the most simple and relatively inexpensive can be called glue ceiling.
It consists of a square or rectangular tile shapes of extruded polystyrene, or, as it is called, Styrofoam, and in other words, the foam. They are simple and laminated film, and white and color. Often, the front surface is covered with foil, painted wood, matting, mother of pearl, cloth, or stone. Also, the surface of the square tiles can be embossed texture that mimics the stucco or wood carving. The standard size of tiles: 50x50 cm, 100h16, 5 cm Glutinous ceilings are equipped with ceiling moldings, shaped profiles, decorative rosettes in the color of the tiles and beams made of polyurethane, and can drastically transform even the most modest room.
Application. Glutinous ceilings are recommended for ceilings in the living areas: offices, bedrooms, etc. can be used in kitchens, but only tiles, laminated with a protective film. These ceiling tiles can be glued to almost any surface: concrete, asbestos-cement, plaster, masonry, plaster and chipboard.
Installation. Ceiling panels glue stick just to the base ceiling, the surface of which in this case you must first prepare: clean place to get enough sleep masonry, remove old wallpaper glue and paint, wash and clean off the whitewash, seal the cracks and holes with putty. The substrate must be clean, dry and free of grease, solid and smooth as possible. Gypsum board or gypsum plaster before pasting of desirable sanded. The surfaces of materials that are prone to wetting (plywood, particle board), before pasting of desirable primed.
To glue the panels to the surface is commonly used glue "PVA" which is perfectly suited for this purpose also has a relatively low price, other universal adhesives. But it is better adhesive specifically designed for ceiling coverings. First, then if necessary, you can easily peel the tiles without damaging them in the process. Second, by using this adhesive, there is no need to carefully prepare the surface - only enough to remove dust. Clay has the ability to penetrate the layer previously applied finishes, "tying" and strengthening the bonding surface.
Installation of ceiling tiles made this way: pull rope diagonally between opposite corners of the ceiling. In the place of their crossing point center. Next, through a designated center so spend crosswise two straight lines from wall to wall, dividing the room into four parts. On the back of the pasted tile with a thin, continuous layer of adhesive. The first tile is glued to the designated center of the ceiling. Further parallel rows of tiles are glued along straight lines running from wall to wall. The edge of the ceiling between the wall and sealed with cornices (profile shapes, wooden rack, etc.). Adhesive residue, trapped on the surface for gluing immediately washed off with a wet sponge.
Non-laminated tile enables a subsequent painting with latex paint. The addition of the desired pigment can reconcile the ceiling by color or shade with trim walls, wallpaper and furnishings.
Ceiling moldings, cornices and fillet represent an ideal opportunity to complete the registration of the room and give it a unique color. Classic or modern figure, white, to match the wood or colored - ceiling moldings can change the proportions of the room optically, to emphasize its borders or reconcile transitions. Application skirting improves the overall appearance and makes it easier gluing ceiling tiles along the edges of the ceiling. The combination of sockets and ceiling moldings - it's a great modern solution based on the classical tradition. Classic series of profiles of solid polystyrene with drawings under the stucco transform a simple room in the main hall. When the similarity in appearance indistinguishable from expensive and heavy moldings are virtually weightless and are easily mounted on the wall.
Care. Laminated ceiling tiles can be cleaned. To do this, use a damp sponge, soap and warm water, you can not just pour water bars. Not laminated wipe with a dry cloth or a vacuum cleaner with a soft nozzle. Small patches of dirt can be removed in the usual eraser.
Properties. Glutinous ceilings are very easy and quick to install, help to hide imperfections and other defects of your ceiling, provide an opportunity to carry out without too much trouble finishing the ceiling for almost any room layout. Label it does not require any special tools and skills, and can easily be performed independently. As we have said, they can be glued onto any surface (concrete, masonry, plaster and chipboard). They have some good heat and sound insulating properties - still cm layer of foam.
They provide color unity surface. Different types of surface texture can give a room a unique style. Some types of plates allow you to create a continuous pattern around the ceiling, while others, with the geometric structure of the surface, will create an additional effect of perspective in the room.
And yet, despite such obvious advantages, it should be noted that no such ceilings are not very durable. Some of them can not tolerate moisture. Polystyrene does not like bright sunlight, when exposed to ultraviolet light turns yellow with time. An important disadvantage of these ceilings is the large number of joints and seams between the panels. Because of this, cover the ceiling does not look solid surface. Also glue ceilings do not allow the installation of built fixtures.
There is also a nuance in perception: a certain kind of finish ceiling, divided by the square, like shovels obschepitovskie design (although since their design stepped far forward). Some are divided into equal squares ceiling "crushes".
Prices. Conventional ceiling panels produced in Russia are about 20 rubles per share (import - from 60 rubles). But they can not be washed, and in damp areas, they quickly lose their marketability. Moisture-proof pad can be washed and glue in the bathroom. True, the cost of their higher: Russia will cost 50 rubles, import - 80 rubles. Colored panels are more expensive: our - about 80 rubles, import - 100. The cost of 20 square meters. m ceiling with glue - from 1,700 rubles to 10,000 rubles. Running meter ceiling moldings is from 30 to 50 rubles. Price brand adhesive stiroporovyh ceiling tiles is 15-30 rubles per kilogram.